Technologies today are getting more varied and sophisticated. It has become a constant challenge now to develop fitting solutions that cater for current operational needs and yet allow for the incorporation of new emerging technologies over time. By keeping close to the ground with a solid network of technology partners and an intimate understanding of the operational needs and local trends, Keystone Technologies is able to find fitting solutions for the most unique and demanding requirements.

Keystone Technologies is a technology consultancy and project management company. Our team of innovative and technology-savvy experts have extensive experience in security, business strategy and consultancy with proven track records with global MNCs and local SMEs.

Our in-depth knowledge of emerging technology trends and local business practices, coupled with our resourceful and entrepreneurial spirit have enabled Keystone Technologies to bring the right customers and partners together successfully.

Strategically based in Singapore, we are able to call upon the required resources to help partners take advantage of the fast-growing emerging economies in the Asia Pacific region, and customers find the right solutions for their needs and challenges.

This unique local business acumen and extensive network of international business and technology partners are hallmarks of Keystone Technologies that set us apart from others, enabling us to continually deliver real, tangible business advantages to our customers and partners.

Just as a keystone holds an arch together to support tremendous weight through the trials of time, Keystone Technologies seeks to build a strong community of trusted partners and customers where technology and innovation can flow together to deliver exact and sustainable capabilities and solutions. 

Board of Directors
Richard Lim
Partner & Executive Director
Chinniah Manohara
Partner & Executive Director

Richard Lim is the Chairman of ST Logistics and its group of companies, Chairman of the Governing Board of St. John’s Island National Marine Laboratory, Dy Chairman of the Land Transport Authority, and a board member of the National University Health System (NUHS) and Integrated Health Information Systems Pte Ltd. He is also a Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Singapore, an Honorary Fellow of the ASEAN Federation of Engineering Organisations and and a founding member of its Certified Systems Engineering Professional Program. He chairs the Singapore National Maritime Safety at Sea Council under MPA and is a member of the Healthcare Infrastructure and Planning Committee under the MoH Holdings and the Development Projects Advisory Panel under MOF.  Richard has more than 30 years of experience in the defence, maritime and technology engineering, where he has held various key appointments in the Singapore Ministry of Defence as Chief Executive Defence Science and Technology Agency, Deputy Secretary (Technology) and Chief Information Officer, Chief of Navy and Director Joint Operations. As the Chief of Navy from 1996 to 1999, Richard established a submarine operating capability and a new naval base, brought into operational service new fleets of patrol vessels and landing ships, and pursued a Quality Navy programme to promote process excellence in core functions. Richard’s work has included various roles in every phase of systems development and lifecycle management of complex defence systems where he has developed a deep practice-oriented professional interest in the conceptualisation, development and management of large scale systems. He continues his professional interest in engineering systems as an Adjunct Professor with the Department of Industrial Systems Engineering and Management at the National University of Singapore as well as in a consulting role as a partner of Keystone Technologies LLP, Richard graduated from Southampton University, UK in 1976 with a BSc (Hons) in Nautical Studies. He spent a year at the US Naval War College attending the international Naval Command Course, and graduated from the London Business School in 2000 with a Master’s degree in Management under the Sloan Masters Programme.For his outstanding public service and achievements, Richard has received several awards, including the Public Administration Medal (Silver), Public Administration Medal (Gold), 25 Years Long Service Award, the Legion of Merit (US), the Degree of Commander (USA), the Order of the Polar Star (Sweden), the Officer of the Legion of Honour (France), the Most Noble Order of the Crown of Thailand and the Bintang Jalasena Utama (Indonesia).

Mano has over 40 years of experience in the full spectrum of defence acquisition from technical evaluation to engineering modification, logistics management, project management, contract negotiation and post-contract management. Prior to Keystone, Mano was appointed to several leadership roles in the Defence Science & Technology Agency, a statutory board under the Singapore Ministry of Defence. From 2006 to 2010, Mano led the capability development of DSTA as Director Organisational Capability Development. Between 2000 and 2006, he managed all the land systems and platform programmes as Director Land Materiel, and saw to the successful introduction of mission critical solutions and services required by the Singapore Armed Forces. Before that, Mano managed the procurement and contracts for the Singapore Ministry of Defence as Director Defence Procurement. It was a position he has held since 1991 in the Defence Technology Group of the Ministry of Defence, prior to DSTA formation in 2000. Mano was served in various positions in the Ministry of Defence between 1971 and 2000, including Assistant Director Defence Procurement Division, Assistant Director Land Systems, Project Director E2C Program in Bethpage, New York, and Deputy Head Air Logistics (Material) at the Republic of Singapore Air Force. Mano was among a group of engineers who were responsible for initiating the Engineering Management of Aircraft, which was instrumental in the evolution of the Airforce into the elite force it is today. Mano is a Senior Member of Institution of Engineers, Singapore, and a Certified Systems Engineering Professional. He has received numerous awards for his dedication and contribution to the civil service, including the Public Administration Medal (Bronze), Public Administration Medal (Silver), Long Service Medal, MINDEF Service Excellence Award and the Minister of Defence Award. Mano was a Colombo Plan Scholar and received his Bachelor's degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Western Australia.

Mark Tan
Precedent Partner & Executive Director
Tay Kok Phuan
Partner & Executive Director

Mark oversees operations, business development and strategic partnership in Keystone Technologies. He has held several key management posts in the Singapore Ministry of Defence, Defence Science & Technology Agency, SingTel and ST Kinetics where he was deeply involved in formulating business and marketing strategies for MNCs and large governmental organisations. With over 20 years of experience in strategy formulation, marketing, branding, Mark has led and implemented many successful organisational & leadership development initiatives. In the area of security solutioning, Mark has extensive experience in managing communications and security projects to enhance operations and situation awareness. Through the use of social network analysis and other data mining tools, Mark has developed models and framework for multinationals and government agencies to execute and manage strategic initiatives effectively. He has provided consultancy to satisfied customers in Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Australia, China, Hong Kong, India, Turkey, Angola, Kenya, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia and USA. Mark is a frequent keynote speaker at conferences and seminars. He was a MINDEF postgraduate scholar and has graduated from the NUS Business School with a Bachelor's and a Master's degree in Business Administration.

Kok Phuan has 36-over years of experience in operations support and project management of air platforms and systems. He joined Keystone in 2014 after a long career in the Ministry of Defence. He has held key leadership positions in the Defence Science & Technology Agency from 2000 to 2011 as Director (Air Materiel), Director Air Systems, Director DSTA College and Director Platform and Systems Integration Community. Prior to DSTA, Kok Phuan was the Deputy Director, Defence Materiel Organisation and Assistant Director, Special Projects Organisation in the Ministry of Defence. Kok Phuan has served in Singapore's Systems Engineering Technical Committee of the Institution of Engineers between 2009 and 2012 and is a founding member of the IES Certified Systems Engineering Professional Registry. Kok Phuan has extensive experience in airframe and jet engine maintenance, quality assurance, airworthiness and aircraft engineering; acquisition management of air platforms; complex systems integration projects such as the integration of electronic systems and external stores on military and civil air platforms; modification of air platforms for specialized roles, and next generation aircraft acquisition studies. Kok Phuan was recognised for his contribution with a number of national awards including the Public Administration Medal (Silver) and Public Administration Medal (Bronze). He has a Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical) degree from Monash University, Australia and a Master of Science degree in Industrial and Systems Engineering from the National University of Singapore.

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